HAJJ AND UMRAH GUIDE

    HAJJ GUIDE

    Five days of Hajj

    First Day 8th Dhul-Hijjah (Yaum Tarwiyah).
    If you are performing Hajj Al-Tamatt’u (or Hajj Ifrad ), you enter into Ahram for Hajj from your residence in Makkah on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah. See page No 10 of detail of Ahram. After putting on Ahram make your niyyah (intenstion) by Saying Labbayka Hajjan, then recite talbiyyah:

    لَبَّیْکَ اَللّٰھُمَّ لَبَّیْکَ لَبَّیْکَ لَا شَرِیْکَ لَکَ لَبَّیْکَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَۃَ لَکَ وَالْمُلْکَ لَا شَرِیْکَ لَکَ ۔

    O’ Lord, here I am no partner do you have. Here I am truly, the praise and the favour is yours, and the monition no partner do you have.

    You then go to Mina’a, where you pray the Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha and Fajr prayers, shortening prayers of four rakats to two Rakats. Do not combine these prayers.

    Second Day 9th Dhul Hijjah (Yume Arafat )

    When the sun has risen on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah, proceed toward Arafat in a dignified manner and without harming your fellow pilgrims. At Arafat, pray the Dhuhr and Asr prayers, shortened and combined during the time of Dhuhr with one Adhan and two Iqamahs.
    Stay within the boundaries of Arafat,
    Standing at Arafat is one of the greatest worship. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Pilgrimage is Arafa, on that day the Islamic religion was completed with the descent of Quranic verse ,

    الیوم اکملت لکم دینکم و أتممت علیکم نعمتي ورضیت لکم الإسلام دینا۔

    (Today I have completed your religion for you, and completed my favour upon you, and accepted Islam as a religion for you).

    Arafat day is the day of forgiveness of sins release from hell. Hajjis shouldn’t fast in Arafat.
    Remain at Arafat until after sunset, when the sun has set, proceed toward Muzdalifa in a peaceful and dignified manner, reciting Talbiyyah do not harm or cause any discomfort to your fellow Muslims. When you arrive at Muzdalifah, pray the Maghrib and Isha prayers combined, shortening Isha to two rak’ats and stay at Muzdalifa. For women or weak individuals, it is permissible to proceed to Mina’a at any time after midnight.
    Muzdalifa also called Mash’ar-Al-Haraam.
    Almighty Allah Said:

    فاذا افضتٰم من عرفا تٍ فاذکروا اللّہ عِند المشعرالحرام : البقرہ

    (When you leave Arafat remember Allah (by glorifying his praises)

    Third Day 10th Dhul Hijjah (Yaume Nahar)
    You have prayed the Fajr prayer. Then wait until brightness of the morning is wide spread, supplicate facing Qiblah with upraised hands, following the practice of the Prophet Muhammad (may peace and blessings of Allah be on him). in Muzdalifa, pick up only 49 pebbles to throw them at the three Jamarat pillars; while passing through Muhssir Valley, hasten if possible, upon arriving at the Mina’a, throw seven pebbles at Jamarah Al-Aqabah by calling Allah-u-Akbar every time you throw a pebble. As soon as you complete the throwing, discontinue the Talbbiyah.
    Slaughter a sacrificial animal, eat from it if possible and feed its meat to the needy and the poor. Slaughtering is obligatory on Qarin and Mutamatt.
    Shave or shorter your head hair, shaving is better, as for women, she may shorten her hair equal to a finger tip length. At this stage you are allowed to put on normal clothes and use perfume and scent; except of sexual intercourse. This is called Tahallul Al Awwal.
    After throwing the pebbles you can go to Makkah to offer Tawaf Al-Ifadhah, after Tawaf, perform sa’i and by completion of Sa’i you will return to normal life, and this called Tahallul Thani. Drink from Zam Zam water and pray Zuhr in Makkah if possible, spend the remaining nights in Mina’a.

    Fourth Day 11th Dhul Hijjah (First day of Ayyam-e-Tashreeq.)
    After the spending the night in Mina’a you are advised to pray the five daily prayers in congregation. And it sunnah to repeat the Takbeer after every Salah whether you are staying or travelling and you are in Mina’a or anywhere else. Throwing of stones at the three Jamarats after Zuhr is Sunnah If possible. Start Rami at Jamarah Al- Sughra, then middle and then at Jamrah Kubrah .The pebbles are to be collected from any place in Mina’a.
    After completion of Rami at Jamarahs (Wusta & sughra )Make Dua’a straight facing the Qibla, as the Messenger of Allah did.

    اللّھُمَّ إجعَلہ حَجّا مَبرُوراً وَذنباٍ مَغفُوراً : مسلم ،ابو داؤد، مسند احمد ،ابن خزیمہ

    Fifth Day 12th Dhul Hijjah (2th day of Ayyam-e-Tashreeq)
    Spend your time in performing of good deeds and remembering Allah. After Zuhr, throw the pebbles at the three Jamarahs as you did on the 11th day of Dhul Hijjah starting with the Jamarah Al Sughra. Make Dua’a after throwing the pebbles at the Sughra and then Wusta.

    اللّھُمَّ إجعَلہ حَجّا مَبرُوراً وَذنباٍ مَغفُوراً : مسلم ،ابو داؤد،مسند احمد ،ابن خزیمہ

    After stoning Jamarah al-Aqabah leave immediately without any Dua’a.
    During Ayyam-e-Tashreeq it is recommended to pray at Al-Khaif Mosque, If possible.
    Note: It is permissible to leave Mina’a before sunset; after sunset he doesn’t allowed to live Mina’a he should stay in Mina’a until next day and throw the pebbles on three Jamarats.
    The Almighty Allah said:

    واذکروا اللہ في ایام معدودات فمن تَعجل فی یومَین فلا اثم علیہ ومن تاخر فلا اثم

    علیہ لمن اتقی : البقرة : ۲۰۳

    And remember Allah during the Appointed days But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him and whosoever stays on there is no sin on him if his aim is to do good and obey Allah ( fear him ).

    How to Perform Hajj

    Note: If pilgrims wish to perform Hajj Tamattu or Hajj Qiran, they will have complete Umrah first.

    1. The Ahram
    If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for Hajj, he should cut pubic hair and take a bath as he would after sexual defilement, if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best oil he can find. There is no harm to use tooth brush and paste or soap for bath after Ahram. Bathing for Ahram is Sunnah for both men and women,
    Ahram for Men
    Two-piece garment of Ahram (Tahband and Rida) which preferably should be of white cloth. He shouldn’t wear sewn garments such as a shirt, turban, under shirt, under wear, socks and gloves etc.
    Footwear Rules
    There is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars concerning footwear (for men) in Ahram: The Hanafi scholars say that the Medial Cuneiform Bone should be uncovered.

    The majority of scholars (Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali) agree that only the Ankle Bones (Malleoli) need to be uncovered. (Suggested footwear Flip flops or sandals)
    Ahram for Women:
    Women should not do makeup, and she may wear any clothes she has available cloth as long they do not display her adornments. She should be completely covered except of her face and hands.
    2. The Intention:
    Then he/she pray the obligatory prayer, if it is time. Otherwise, he/she makes his/her intention by praying the two Nafil Rakats, Make Niyat by saying ” Labbayka Hajjan” or Labbayka Allahumma Hajjan wa Umratan .

    If he /she fears that something will prevent him from completing his /her Hajj he/ she should make a condition when he /she makes his intentions,

    اللّٰھُمَّ مَحَلِّي حَیْثُ حَبَسْتَنِي

    If anything prevents me to complete the Umrah, my place is where that thing obstructed me to complete.

    When he /she finishes he should say:

    لَبَّیْکَ اَللّٰھُمَّ لَبَّیْکَ لَبَّیْکَ لَا شَرِیْکَ لَکَ لَبَّیْکَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَۃَ لَکَ وَالْمُلْکَ لَا شَرِیْکَ لَکَ ۔

    3 Tawaf
    When He /She approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If this isn’t possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it. It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by other people. When touching the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following supplication:

    بَسْمِ اللہ وَالصَلاۃُ وَالسَّلامُ عَلٰی رَسُوْلِ اللہ أعُوْذٰ بِاللہ الْعَظَیْمْ وَ بِوَجْہ الکَریْمِ وَ سُلْطَانِہِ الْقَدِیْمِ مِنَ الشَّیْطَانِ الرَجَیْمِ

    In the name of Allah and blessing and peace be upon Allah’s Messenger seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and his noble countenance and his eternal power from Satan.

    بِسْمِ اللہ واللہ آکْبَرْ اللّٰھُمَّ إیْمَاناً بِکَ وَ تَصْدِیْقاً بِکِتَابِکَ وَفَاءِ بِعَھْدِک وَ إِتِّبَاعاً لِسُنَّۃِ نَبِیْکَ مُحَمَّدَ صَلَّی اللّہُ وَ عَلَیْہِ وَ سَلَّم

    “In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest. Oh, Allah, with faith in you, belief in Your book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).”

    Apart from this supplication, it is highly creditable if the pilgrim recites the following dua in the Tawaf:

    سُبْحَانَ اللہِ وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلّٰہِ وَ لَا إِلٰہَ إلَّا اللہِ واللّٰہُ اَکْبَر وَ لَا حَوَّلَ وَ لَا قُوَّۃَ إلّا بِاللہ

    ابن ماجہ :

    Allah is Holy. Allah is praise – worthy, there is no deity save Allah and Allah is great. And Allah is omnipotent. (Ibn-e-Majah).

    A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Kaa’ba on his left. When he reaches the Rukn Al Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say:

    رَبَّنا آتِنَا فِی الدُّنیَا حَسَنَةً و فِی الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّار : البقر۱۲۵

    “Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell fire. Oh Allah, I beg of you for forgiveness and health in this life and in the Hereafter.”

    Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say:

    اللہ اکبر

    “Allah is the Greatest.”

    During this Tawaf it is necessary for a man to do two things.
    Al-ldhtebaa’ from the beginning of Tawaf until the end of Tawaf. Al-ldhtebaa’ means placing the middle of one’s Reda’ under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder.

    Al-Raml during the first three circuits. Al-Raml means speeding up one’s pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace. During his last four circuits. During the remainder of this Tawaf he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of Quran. This is because Tawaf, and sa’i have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allah.

    4. Two Rakats of Tawaf
    When he /she complete seven circuits of Tawaf, he approaches Maqam Ibrahim and recites:

    وَالتَّخَذُوْا مِنْ مُّقَامِ إِبْرَاھِیْمَ مُصَلّٰی : البقرة

    “And keep the station of Ibrahim as a place of Prayer” [2:125].

    He / She prays two short Rakats, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam Ibrahim,
    During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Chapter 109] and during the second one Surah Al-lkhlas [Chapter 112].

    5.Al- Hajar Al-Aswad
    After performing the two rakats of Tawaf, the Holy prophet (PBUH) returned to the corner of ka’aba and kissed the black Stone A narration says that he merely touched it.

    6. Zam Zam Water
    Zam Zam water is the name of the famous well in Al-Masjid Al-Haram, it is situated at a distance of thirty cubits away from Ka’aba.

    “Musnad Ahmad” says that after the two rakats of Tawaf the Holy prophet (PBUH) drank water of Zam Zam and poured it over his head and then he went to touch the Black stone. The Holy prophet (PBUH) drank Zam Zam water standing but this does not indicate that a person, while sitting should get up to drink Zam Zam water, because there is no command in this regard.
    Abdullah Ibne Abbas used to insist on people to drink Zam Zam water in three breaths saying.
    He also used to recite the following supplication after drinking Zam Zam water.

    اللّھُمَّ إنّی أَسْئَلُکَ عِلماً نَافِعاً وَ رِزْقاً وَاسِعاً و شِفَاعاً مِنْ کُل دَاءٍ۔ : بخاري

    O’ Allah ! I ask earnestly the beneficial knowledge, the excessive provisions and healing against all the suffering and disease.
    7. Sa’i
    When he completes the two Rakats he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He goes out to the Mesa’a and when he nears As-Safaa he recites

    إنَّ الصَّفا وَالمَروَةَ مِن شَعائِرِ اللہ فَمَن حَجَّ البیتَ واعتَمَر فَلا جُنَاحَ عَلیہ أن یَطوفَ

    بِھِما وَمن تَطَوَّعَ خَیراً فإن اللہ شَاکِر عَلِیم : البقر۱۵۸

    Indeed Safaa and Marwah are among the signs of Allah. So whoever performs Hajj or Umrah there is no harm in walking between them. And (for) whoever happily performs further righteous deeds, Allah is most appreciative and all knowing

    لَا اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللہ وَ اللہ اَکبَرُ لَا اِلٰہَ الَّا اللہ وَحدَہ لَا شَرِیکَ لَہ۔ لَہ المُلکُ وَلَہ الحَمدُ یُحیِي وَیَمُوتُ وَھُوَ عَلٰی کُلِّ شَیئٍ قَدِیْر لَا اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللہ وَحْدَہ انجَزُ وَعْدَہ وَ نَصَرَعَبْدُہ وَھَزَمُ الاَحْزَابِ وَحْدَہ. : متفق علیہ

    There is no deity save Allah. There is no deity but Allah alone he has no partner; to him belong the dominion to him praise is due and he is omnipotent. There is no deity but Allah alone who fulfilled his promise helped his servant and routed the confederates.
    He then made supplication in the course of that saying such word three times. He next descended and walked towards Al- Marwah and when, he ran between to green lights and he walked till he reached Al-Marwah and could see the ka’aba. There he does as he had done at Al-safaa. He ran between Al-Safaa and Al-Marwah seven times repeating the aforesaid supplication and finally ended at Al-Marwah

    8. Shaving or Cutting Hair:
    On Completion of Sa’i he shaves his head or shortens his hair. A woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip.
    With that, Umrah is completed.

    if the a pilgrim is performing Hajj Tamttu he is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations, etc. and he/she should wear the Ahram on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah, throughout Hajj.
    If the pilgrim is performing Hajj Qiran he/she will stay in Ahram for Hajj until 10th Dhul-Hijjah.

    Obligatory duties of Hajj

    1. Entering Ahram from the Miqat

    2. Standing at Arafat untill sunset.

    3. Staying overnight in Muzdalifah.

    4. Staying overnight in Mina’a at Tashriq nights.

    5. Stoning Jamarats.

    6. Shaving or cutting the hair.

    7. Tawf Al Weda.

    Obligatory of Hajj

    Almighty Allah Says:

    وَلِلّہِ عَلَي النَّاسِ حَجِّ الْبَیْتَ مَنِ اْسْتَطَاعَ إِلَیْہِ سَبِیَلۃ

    Hajj to the House of Allah is a duty that mankind owes to Allah who can afford the journey.

    و أذنِ فِيْ النَّاسِ بالحجِّ یَأْتُوْکَ رِجَالاً وَعَلٰي کُلِّ ضَامِرٍیَأتِیْنَ مِنْ کُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِیْق

    سورۃ الحج : ۲۷ :

    And proclaim unto mankind the pilgrimage. They will come unto thee on foot and on every lean camel: they will come from every deep ravine.

    وَ أَتِمُّوْا الْحَجَّ وَ الْعُمْرَۃ لِلّٰہِ : البقرۃ : ۱۹۶

    And complete Hajj and Umrah for Allah.
    The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

    یٰأیُّھَا النَّاسُ قَدْ فَرَض عَلَیْکُمُ الحَجَّ فَحَجُّوا : صحیح مسلم

    O’ mankind, Hajj is made obligatory from you, so perform it. Hajj for pilgrimage to Makkah is one of the five pillars of Islam. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

    بُنِيَ الْإسْلام عَلٰي خَمْسٍ، شَھَادَۃُ أنْ لَا إلٰہِ إلا اللہ وَ أنَّ مُحَمّداً رَسُوْلُ اللہ، وَ إِقَامِ الصَلاۃ وَإِیْتَاء الزَّکاۃ، وحَجّ الْبَیْتَ وَ صَوْمَ رَمَضَان ۔ : متفق علیہ

    “Islam is built upon five pillars: testifying that there is no true God except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, performing Prayer, paying the Zakah, making the pilgrimage to the Sacred House (Hajj), and fasting the month of Ramadan.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari)
    Hajj was made obligatory in the 9th year of Hijra. The Holy Prophet sent off 300 Muslims under the leadership of Hazrat Abubakr Siddique (may Allah be pleased with him) to Makkah so that they could perform Hajj.
    The following year, 10th Hijra, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) announced a head of time he himself would perform Hajj. He led tens of thousands of Muslims to Hajj that year and demonstrated to Muslims how to perform all the rites and rituals of the Hajj. This Hajj is known in history as Hajjat-ul-Wida’ or Farewell Pilgrimage.

    That was the year when it was banned for the Mushrikeen to enter Kaa’ba as well as Makkah. It was also made unlawful to perform Tawaaf with naked body.

    Pillars of Hajj

    The pillars are those rites which Hajj cannot be considered complete unless they are all performed. They include
    1. Ahram (with intention)
    2. Standing at Arafat.
    3. Tawaf Al- Ifadah.
    4. Sa’i between Safaa’ and Marwah.

    Wisdom behind Hajj

    The virtues of pilgrimage are emphasized in the Qur’an and Hadith. It is to purify the soul from sins in order to qualify for Allah’s mercy in the hereafter. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

    مَنْ حَجَّ وَ لَمْ یَرْفُثْ وَ لَمْ یَفْسُقْ رَجَعَ کَیَوْمِ وَلَدتَہ أُمّہ : متفق علیہ

    He, who performs Hajj for Allah and does not behave in on obscene manner or acts unlawfully, will return sinless as in the day he was born

    .

    An Advice

    We must purify the intention to perform Hajj, to seek the Pleasure of Allah Alone. with a desire for the Hereafter.
    We should follow the Prophet’s (PBUH) example, in words deeds (Means The Qur’an and The Hadith)
    We must use lawfully acquired money to perform Hajj.
    We must perform (Five Times Daily Prayer) congregationally as far as possible
    We must avoid all arrogance and have character of modesty and humbleness.
    We should be polite and helpful to everyone, look after old and weak people and spend some money in charity if we can.
    We should seek forgiveness from Allah at all the time.t.

    Supplication on boarding

    Muslims should say the following supplication on boarding.

    اللہ اکبر اللہ اکبر اللہ اکبر
    سُبْحَانَ الْذِي سَخَّرَلَنَا ھٰذَا وَ مَا کُنَّا لَہ مُقْرِنِیْنَ وَ إِنَّا إلي رَبِّنَا لَمُنْقَلِبُوْنَ۰ اَللّٰھُمَّ إنِّي أَسْئَلُکَ فِيْ سَفَرِنَا ھٰذَا الْبِرُّ وَالتَّقْوٰی وَ مِنْ الْعَمْلِ مَا تَرضَي، اَللّٰھُمَّ ھَوْنَ عَلَیْنَا سَفَرَنَا ھٰذَا واطوعَنَا بُعْدَہ، اَللّٰھُمَّ أنتَ الصَّاحبُ فی السفرِوَ الْخلِیْفَۃُ فِیْ الأھْلِ، ھٰذا اللّٰھُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوْذُبِکَ مَنْ وَ عَثَاءِ السَّفرِ وکأبۃ الْمَنْظَرِ وَ سُوْءِ الْمُنَقَلَبِ فِيْ الْمَالِ وَالْأھْلِ : المسلم

    Allah is so Great ! Allah is so Great! Allah is so Great! all Glories be to Allah who subdued this (carrier ) to us and we were not capable of subduing it And verily unto our Lord, we are to return.
    O’ Allah we ask you this journey of ours for goodness and piety and for words that are pleasing to you.
    O’ Allah! Make this journey easy for us and reduce its length.
    O’ Allah! You are the Companion of the journey and the Trustee of the family.
    O’ Allah! I ask for your protection from the tediousness, mishap and adversity of the journey distortion and perversion in property, family and children.

    Miqats (Ahram Stations)

    Miqats are prescribed stations as set for Muslims by Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him)
    1. ” Al- Juhafa” today know as “Rabegh”
    2. “Dhul-Hulaifah” Today known as Abyar Ali.
    3. “Dhatu-Irq” located In northeast of Makkah.
    4. “Qurn-Al-Manazel”
    5. “Yalumlum”

    Forms of Hajj

    Hajj Al-Tamatt’u (Interrupted) this means entering into Ahram for the Umrah during the months of Hajj. To take Ahram again for the Hajj from Makkah on the 8th day of Dhul-Hijjah during the same year in which the Umrah was performed.

    Hajj Al-Qiran (Combined) This means entering into Ahram for both the Umrah and the Hajj at the same time, not taking off the Ahram after Umrah until the Day of sacrifice (the of 10th Dhul-Hijjah )Alter natively; one may first enter into Ahram for the Umrah, and before beginning one’s Tawaf may make the intention of Ahram for the Hajj as well.

    Hajj Al-Ifrad (Single) This means entering into Ahram for the Hajj either from the prescribed station of Ahram (Al-Miqat), or from Makkah if one live there, and go to Mina’a for Hajj.

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    UMRAH GUIDE

    Some Advice

    We must purify the intention to perform Hajj, to seek the pleasure of Allah Alone. with a desire for the Hereafter.

    We should follow the Prophet’s (PBUH) example, in our words and our deeds (Means The Qur’an and The Hadith)

    We must use lawfully acquired money to perform Hajj.

    We must perform (Five Times Daily Prayer) congregationally as far as possible.

    We must avoid all arrogance and have character of modesty and humbleness.

    We should be polite and helpful to every one, look after old and weak people and spend some money in charity if we can.

    We should seek forgiveness from Allah at all the time

    Miqats (Ahram Stations)

    Miqats are prescribed stations as set for Muslims by Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him)
    1. ” Al- Juhafah” today know as “Rabegh”
    2. “Dhul-Hulaifah” Today known as Abyar Ali.
    3. “Dhatu-Irq” located In northeast of Makkah.
    4. “Qurn-Al-Manazel”
    5. “Yalumlum”

    Umrah

    Wisdom Behind Umrah
    The Umrah is an important act of Worship of Allah. Umrah is not compulsary. it is recommended by the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. The Messenger of Allah ( peace be upon him) said;

    العُمْرَۃُ إلي الْعُمْرۃِ کَفَّارَہٌ لِمَا بَيْنَھُمَا، وَالْحَجِّ الْمَبْرُ وْر لَيَسَ لہ جَزَا إلْا الْجَنَّۃ : البخاری والمسلم

    Umrah is expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous Umrah. And The reward of Hajj Al Mabroor is nothing but Paradise. (Bukhari and Muslim)

    Pillars of Umrah
    1. Ahram with the Intention.
    2. Tawaf.
    3. Sa’i between Al Safaa and Al Marwah.

    Obligation of Umrah
    1. Ahram From Miqat.
    2. Shaving or cutting the hair

    How to Perform Umrah

    1. The Ahram
    If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for Hajj, he should cut pubic hair and take a bath as he would after sexual defilement, if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best oil he can find. There is no harm to use tooth brush and paste or soap for bath after Ahram. Bathing for Ahram is Sunnah for both men and women,

    Ahram for Men
    Two-piece garment of Ahram (Tahband and Rida) which preferably should be of white cloths. He shouldn’t wear sewn garments such as a shirt, turban, under shirt, under wear, socks or gloves etc.

    Footwear Rules
    There is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars concerning footwear (for men) in Ahram: The Hanafi scholars says that the Medial Cuneiform Bone should be uncovered.

    The majority of scholars (Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali) agree that only the Ankle Bones (Malleoli) need to be unconvered. (Suggested footwear. Flip flops or sandals)

    Ahram for Women:
    Women should not do makeup, and she may wear any clothes available as long they do not display her adornments. She should be completely covered except for her face and hands.

    2.The Intention:
    Then he /she prays the obligatory prayer,
    If it is time. Otherwise, he / she makes his/ her intention by praying the two Nafil Rakats, Make Niyat by saying ” Labbayka Hajjan” or Labbayka Allahumma Hajjan wa Umratan .

    If he /she fears that something will prevent him from completing his /her Hajj he/ she should make a condition when he /she makes his intentions, saying:
    اَللّٰھُمَّ مَحَلّي حَیْثُ حَبَسْتَنِي
    If any thing prevents me to complete the Umrah, my place is where that thing obstructed me to complete.

    When he /she finishes he should say:
    لَبّیک الَلَّہُم لَبَّیک لَبّیک لَا شَرِیکَ لَکَ لَبَّیک إِنَّ الحَمْدَ وَالنَّعمَةَ لَکَ
    وَالمُلْک لاَ شَرِیکَ لَک ۔
    Labbek Allah hummah labbek lebbek la-shrika laka labbek, Innal hamdah wannematah, laka wal mulko laa shrikah lak.
    Here I am at your service, O’ Lord, here I am no partner do you have. here I am partner do you have. here I am Truly, the praise and the favor is yours, and the dominion no partner do you have.
    Men should utter this aloud while women should say it silently. He/she should also ask Allah for His pleasure, for Heaven and seek refuge in Allah’s mercy from Hellfire.
    One should say the Talbeeyah during Umrah as often as possible, starting from the time to time he make Niyat till he starts Tawaf.
    Upon reaching the Holy Mosque in Makkah, The Pilgrim should advance his /her right foot first and say :
    بَسْمِ اللہ وَالصَلاۃُ وَالسَّلامُ عَلٰی رَسُوْلِ اللہ أعُوْذٰ بِاللہ الْعَظَیْمْ وَ بِوَجْہ الکَریْمِ وَ سُلْطَانِہِ الْقَدِیْمِ مِنَ الشَّیْطَانِ الرَجَیْمِ.
    In the name of Allah and blessing and peace be upon Allah’s Messenger seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and his noble countenance and his eternal power from Satan.
    3.Tawaf
    When He /She approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If this isn’t possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it. It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by other people. When touching the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following supplication
    : بِسْمِ اللہ واللہ آکْبَرْ اللّٰھُمَّ إیْمَاناً بِکَ وَ تَصْدِیْقاً بِکِتَابِکَ وَفَاءِ بِعَھْدِک وَ إِتِّبَاعاً لِسُنَّۃِ
    نَبِیْکَ مُحَمَّدَ صَلَّی اللّہُ وَ عَلَیْہِ وَ سَلَّم-
    “In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest. O’ Allah, with faith in you, belief in Your book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad ( PBUH).”

    Apart from this supplication, it is highly creditable if the pilgrim recites the following dua in the Tawaf:
    سُبْحَانَ اللہ والْحَمْدُ للہ وَ لَا إلٰہَ إلَّا اللہ واللہ اکْبَرْ وَلَا حَوْلَ وَ لَا قُوَّۃ إلَّا بِاللہِ۔ : ابن ماجہ
    Allah is Holy. Allah is praise – worthy. there is no deity save Allah and Allah is great. And Allah is omnipotent. (Ibn Majah).
    A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Kaa’bah on his left. When he reaches the Rukn Al Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say:
    ۱۲۵رَبَّنا آتِنَا فِی الدُّنیَا حَسَنَةً و فِی الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّار : البقر
    “Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell fire. O’ Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health in this life and in the Hereafter.”
    Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say:
    اَللّٰہ اَکْبَر
    “Allah is the Greatest.”
    During this Tawaf it is necessary for a man to do two things.
    a). Al-ldhtebaa’ from the beginning of Tawaf until the end of Tawaf. Al-ldhtebaa’ means placing the middle of one’s Reda’ under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder.

    b) . Al-Raml during the first three circuits. Al-Raml means speeding up one’s pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace. During his last four circuits. During the remainder of this Tawaf he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of Quran. This is because Tawaf, and sa’i have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allah.
    4. Two Rakats of Tawaf
    When he /she completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he approaches Maqam-e-Ibrahim and recites:
    ۱۲۵:وَالتَّخَذُوْا مِنْ مُّقَامِ إِبْرَاھِیْمَ مُصَلّٰی : البقرة
    “And keep the station of Abraham as a place of Prayer” [2:125].
    He / She prays two short Rakats, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam-e-Ibrahim.
    During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Chapter 109] and during the second one Surah Al-lkhlas[Chapter 112].
    5.Al- Hajar Al-Aswad
    After performing the two rakats of Tawaf, the Holy prophet (PBUH) returned to the corner of kaaba and kissed the black Stone A narration says that he merely touched it.
    6.Zam Zam Water
    Zam Zam water is the name of the famous well in Al-Masjid Al-Haram, it is situated at a distance of thirty cubits away from Ka’aba.
    “Musnad Ahmad” says that after the two rakats of Tawaf the Holy prophet (PBUH) drank water of Zam Zam and poured it over his head and then he went to touch the Black stone. The Holy prophet (PBUH) drank Zam Zam water standing but this does not indicate that a person, while sitting should get up to drink Zam Zam water, because there is no command in this regard.

    Abdullah Iben Abbas used to insist on people to drink Zam Zam water in three breaths; he also used to recite the following supplication after drinking Zam Zam water.
    اللّھُمَّ إنّی أَسْئَلُکَ عِلماً نَافِعاً وَ رِزْقاً وَاسِعاً و شِفَاعاً مِنْ کُل دَاءٍ۔ : بخاري
    O’ Allah ! I ask earnestly the beneficial knowledge, the excessive provisions and healing against all the suffering and disease.
    7.  Sa’i
    When he completes the two Rakaat he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He goes out to the Mesa’a and when he nears As-Safaa he recites.
    إنَّ الصَّفا وَالمَروَةَ مِن شَعائِرِاللّہ فَمَن حَجَّ البیتَ اواعتَمَر فَلا جُنَاحَ عَلیہ أن یَطوفَ
    ۱۵۸:بِھِما وَمن تَطَوَّعَ خَیراً فإن اللہ شَاکِر عَلِیم : البقر
    Indeed Safaa and Marwah are among the signs of Allah. So whoever performs Hajj or Umar there is no harm in walking between them. And (for) whoever happily performs further righteous deeds, Allah is most appreciative and all knowing.
    لَا اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللہ وَ اللہ اَکبَرُ لَا اِلٰہَ الَّا اللہ وَحدَہ لَا شَرِیکَ لَہ۔ لَہ المُلکُ وَلَہ الحَمدُ یُحیِي وَیَمُوتُ وَھُوَ عَلٰی کُلِّ شَیئٍ قَدِیْر لَا اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللہ وَحْدَہ انجَزُ وَعْدَہ وَ نَصَرَعَبْدُہ وَھَزَمُ الاَحْزَابِ وَحْدَہ : متفق علیہ
    There is no deity save Allah. There is no deity but Allah alone he has no partner. to him belong the dominion. to him praise is due and he is omnipotent. There is no deity but Allah alone who fulfilled his promise helped his servant and routed the confederates.
    He then made supplication in the course of that saying such word three times. He next descended and walked towards Al- Marwah and when, he ran between to
    green lights and he walked till he reached Al-Marwa and could see the ka’abah. There he does as he had done at Al-Safaa. He ran between Al-Safaa and Al-Marwah seven times repeating the aforesaid supplication and finally ended at Al-Marwah.
    8.Shaving or Cutting Hair:
    On Completion of Sa’i he shaves his head or shortens his hair. A woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip.
    With that, Umrah is completed. if the a pilgrim is performing Hajj Tamttu he is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations etc.

    The Restrictions of Ahram

    We shouldn’t shave or cut any hair of the body. (But it is permissible for us to clean ourselves , even if some of hair falls unintentionally.
    We shouldn’t cut nails whether of the hands or the feet.
    We shouldn’t use perfume,
    We shouldn’t do intercourse and avoid whatever leads to it, such as kissing, looking, touching with desire or getting married ,etc.
    We shouldn’t be wed on propose to a woman for Marriage ourselves or by others.
    We shouldn’t wear gloves.
    We shouldn’t hunt or kill animal for food.
    We shouldn’t cut trees or grass.
    The restrictions of Ahram for men
    He shouldn’t cover his head, but there is no harm in the use of an umbrella or in carrying his baggage on his head.
    He shouldn’t wear sewn garments. Such as a Shirt ,Turban, Trousers, Undershirt, Underwear, or Shoes. And it is permissible for him to wear sandals , rings ,glasses.
    The Restrictions of Ahram for woman
    A woman shouldn’t wear a Niqab or Burqa’. The Sunnah is for her to uncover her face.

    Terminology

    Haram:Makkah and its surrounding areas are called Haram. Haram has different boundaries. These boundaries extend to three miles on one side, seven on the other and nine miles towards Jeddah. Within these boundaries of Haram it is forbidden to hunt, bother any animal, or to cut grass or trees. One is permitted to kill dangerous animals like snakes, scorpions, rats or animals with rabies (dogs, etc.)
    Masjid-Al-Haram: Around the Kaa’ba is a mosuque that has a rectangular shape with rounded corners. Pilgrims offer prayers is this mosque by making circular rows and face towards the Kaa’ba.
    The Ahram: Ahram means putting on an un sewn two-piece garment consisting of an Tahband and a Rida and the pilgrim should wear no other clothes.
    Talbiha:
    لَبَّیْکَ اَللّٰھُمَّ لَبَّیْکَ لَبَّیْکَ لَا شَرِیْکَ لَکَ لَبَّیْکَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَۃَ لَکَ وَالْمُلْکَ
    لَا شَرِیْکَ لَکَ۔
    (Labbek Allah humma labbek, labbek Lasharika laka labbek, innal Hamda wannematah Laka wal mulko Lasharika Lak).
    Here I am at your service, O’ Lord; here I am no partner do you have. Here I am Truly, the praise and the favor is yours, and the dominion no partner do you have.
    Al-ldhtebaa: Means placing the middle of one’s Rida’ under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder, from the beginning of Tawaf until the end.
    Tawaf- Al- Wadaa: (Farewell Tawaf.) Last Tawaf in the end, when you are leaving Makkah.
    Al-Raml: Al-Raml means speeding up one’s pace with small steps, during the first three circuits, A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits.
    Estalam: He / She approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If this isn’t possible, he / she should face the Black Stone and point to it.
    Sa’i: The walk made between As-Safaa and Al-Marwah.

    Madina Munawwarah

    Virtues of Madina Munawwarah:
    Madina Munawwarah is one of the most beloved places to Allah the Exalted, because of the following merits It is the land of Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) migration, it is his choice, its people are his neighbors and supporters. It is the land of receiving Revelation [Wahi]. There is no place in Madinah that has not had Qur’anic verses or Prophet’s hadith revealed or said therein. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to say:
    اَللّٰھُمَّ حَبِّبْ إِلَیْنَا الْمَدِیْنَۃِ کَحُبِّنَا مَکَّۃ اَوْ اَشَدُّ (متفق علیہ)
    O’ Allah makes Madina beloved to us as we love Makkah or more.
    Prophet’s Mosque
    In Islam, the Prophet’s ( PBUH) Mosque is second in rank with regard to merit and status in Allah’s sight. The same applies to the reward for the worshipers and those heading there. The Prophet( peace be upon him) said:
    لا تَشُدُ الرِحال إلاإلی ثَلاثَة مَساجِد ، المسجد الحرام ، ومسجدي ھذا ،

    والمسجد الأقصی (متفق علیہ)
    Do not undertake a journey, but to one of the three Mosques: the Sacred Mosque, this Mosque of mine, and Al-Aqsa Mosque.”

    It has been narrated that performing prayers in the Prophet’s Mosque is of great merit and reward. The Prophet ( PBUH) said:
    صَلاة فی مَسجدی ھَذا أفضل مِن ألف صَلاة فِیما سِواہ الا المسجد الحرام

    و صلاة فی المسجد الحرام افضل من مائة ألف صلاة فیما سواہ (متفق علیہ)
    “Prayer in this Mosque of mine is a thousand times more excellent than a Prayer in any other mosque except the Sacred Mosque (in Makkah).”
    Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque
    Going to Madina at any time with the intention of visiting the Prophet’s Mosque is a sunnah, as is performing salah in it.

    There is no Ahram or Talbiyah for the visiting to the Prophet’s Mosque, upon reaching the mosque, pray two Rakats of Tahaiya-tul-Masjid or perform any obligatory prayer that is due.
    Note: One should enter first by his right foot and supplicate saying

    اَللّٰھُمَّ حَبِّبْ إِلَیْنَا الْمَدِیْنَۃِ کَحُبِّنَا مَکَّۃ اَوْ اَشَدُّ (متفق علیہ)

    O’ Allah, Open for me the doors of your Mercy.

    The Prophet’s Grave (Roza-al-Mubarak)

    A visitor should not raise his voice in the Mosque as a sign of politeness with the Messenger of Allah ( peace be upon him).

    Lowering one’s voice is also a sign of obedience to the words of the Almighty Allah,

    “O ye who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak loud to him in talk, as ye may speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds become vain and ye perceive not. Of those who lower their voices in the presence of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) their hearts has Allah tested for piety: for them is forgiveness and a great reward.”

    Thus, it is a warning to those who raise their voices in the presence of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) that Allah will render their deeds vain and avoid them and will not reward them.

    It has been narrated that Hadrat Abu Bakr Al-Siddique (A) used to say, “There should be no raising of voices in the presence of a prophet, whether dead or alive.”

    1. When the visitor finishes the greeting rak`ahs, he should go to the Honored Apartment, face the grave of the Prophet (PBUH) and greet him, saying,

    “Peace be upon you, O’ Messenger of Allah. Peace be upon you, O’ the dearest one to Allah.

    Peace be upon you, O’ the best of His creation.

    I bear witness that you indeed have delivered the message (of Allah), discharged your trust, advised the Muslim community, and strived hard in the cause of Allah until there came unto you the Hour that is certain.”

    2. Then, he takes a step to the right and greets Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq saying,

    “Peace be upon you, O’ Abu Bakr.

    Peace be upon you, O’ Second of the two who were in the Cave. Peace be upon

    you, O’ Successor of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH).”

    3. Then, he takes another step to the right and greets Hazrat Umar Al-Farooq saying:

    Peace be upon you, O’ Amir of the Believers.

    Peace be upon you, O’ Abu Hafsa.

    Peace be upon you, O’ Eliminator of Sedition.”

    4. Then, he faces the Qiblah, with his back to the Honoured Apartment, and while leaving a place for others, invokes Allah for his welfare both in this world and in the Hereafter.

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